BIM IN THE ANDALUSIAN HERITAGE OF MÁLAGA
For us, the members of the Atarazanas Digital team, it have been exciting to see the important advances in the BIM modeling of the Atarazanas Market in the city of Malaga, after several months of voluntary, collaborative and relocated work in the framework of these times of pandemic; this joint work between professionals from Spain (Malaga, Cordoba, Granada, Seville, Madrid and Pontevedra); Mexico (Querétaro, Monterrey and Guadalajara); Costa Rica (San José) and Colombia (Bogotá) have been a challenge in their planning and digital construction.
To date, we have had the sustained support of the Malaga City Council , Area of Commerce, Management of Public Roads and Promotion of Business Activity, to whom we approached to propose the idea of digitally building this jewel of Andalusian heritage and who, From the beginning, they showed great receptivity and support for the Atarazanas Digital team with the Non-Profit Association AANTAECI 4.0 , as a hinge for institutional management. As an initiative with an interest in promoting emerging technologies in the AEC sector in the academic, educational, patrimonial and institutional spheres, it has always been a criterion to share and point out the benefits of this new paradigm of industry 4.0 within the framework of innovation promoted by Spain and, which is in full development in Ibero-American countries with significant advances, especially: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Mexico, Peru and Uruguay, member countries of the BIM Network of Latin American Governments.
Like the institutional support provided by the Malaga City Council, the deployment of technological tools that we are using in this digital preconstruction would not have been possible without the support of important sponsors who, sharing our same interest in the digitization of this 19th century heritage and its wide disclosure, have provided us with the sponsorship of licenses and the Common Data Environment:
iMventa Engineers , developers from Malaga whose Tekton3D modular application we are using for the coordination, design and integrated calculation of the building's facilities: Plumbing, sanitation, air conditioning, fire fighting and soon, its electricity module.
ACCA Software , technology from Italian developers, who support us with the Common Data Environment (CDE) with usBIM.platform, a collaborative BIM platform for the definition of the CDE and interoperability through open formats for the correct implementation of the BIM methodology in the workflow, from the definition of the collaborative environment to the exchange of data between the different actors of the Digital Shipyard Team.
Graphisoft - ArchiEspaña , technology from Hungarian developers, who since 1984 create the first BIM software in the industry for architects: Archicad , and whose licenses we have been using in the modeling and coordination of the cast iron structure of the Atarazanas Market, of complex geometries in his work of iron ataurique unique in the world.
Allplan , from the German group Nemetschek, who have been promoting the digitization of the construction industry for more than 50 years, have sponsored us the licenses with which we are coordinating and modeling the more than 120 commercial positions of the meat and vegetable warehouses and fruits, which belong to the most recent restoration and reform intervention of the Atarazanas Market, projected by the consulting firm Aranguren y Gallegos and carried out between 2008 and 2010.
Venetian heritage photographer Stefania Scamardi , who is a recognized researcher at European level also in the field of social photography with recognized works in Spain, Italy, Morocco and England; She has prepared a photographic report of the Atarazanas Market that she will accompany on our social networks and web, from a sensitive perspective with the heritage and the people who live, she appropriates the market on a daily basis and its strong symbolic meaning.
This progress would not have been possible without the active participation and contributions of the members of the Atarazanas Digital team, who contribute their time, expertise and support in this journey, being the ones who continue in this effort, all of them have their own name and have a broad journey in the use of the BIM approach in their professional and teaching tasks, by countries:
Carlos Enrique Pedroza Hurtado
Elena Smaranda Plaiasu
Elsy Laucho Contreras
Evelio Sánchez Juncal
Francisco Javier Peláez Delgado
Manuel Garcia Navas
Rafael Tenorio Aranguren
Raúl Ruano Ruíz
Rocío Elizabeth Carrizo
Rogelio Carballo Solla
The following have participated as advisers:
Javier Alonso Madrid
and Álvaro Sánchez Palma
Jhermain Acuña Espinoza
Raúl Alejandro González Pineda
Aaron Piedra Diaz
Carlos de la Rosa Martinez
Luis Medina Pérez
Miguel Sanchez Leon
All of us in the team continue to advance, from different geographies, time zones, but very especially, with the mettle and gratification that it means to see growth and define the culmination of this collective effort.
The Central Market of Atarazanas, originally the Alfonso XII Market, was designed and built between 1873 and 1879 by the architect Joaquín Rucoba. It is a monumental building of singular architectural beauty and has been classified as a Site of Cultural Interest by the Junta de Andalucía. Its structure is a clear example of 19th century European iron architecture and its ornamental semantics respond to geometrizing plant motifs known as ataurique, clearly Nasrid, from 19th century Spanish romantic historicism inspired by the 14th century Arab door, recycled by Rucoba for the building. With a trapezoidal plan, it has an area of 3,194 m2, its commercial space is located on the ground floor at street level. The last reform carried out at the expense of 1% of the budget of the Ministry of Development dedicated to heritage restoration projects, was executed between 2008 and 2010 by Aranguren & Gallegos Arquitectos, SL, and, with this reform, it was rehabilitated and recovered. the original design of the old Central Market of Atarazanas projected by Joaquín Rucoba
In the framework of the progressive incorporation of the Building Information Modeling (BIM) approach, in Spain, a group of BIM professionals from Malaga has taken the unprecedented initiative of generating the digital asset of this heritage building on a voluntary basis, together with professionals from six Latin American countries: Argentina, Colombia, Costa Rica, Mexico and Venezuela. This collaboration aims to generate and systematize learning from the work plan leading to the generation of the digital asset of the Atarazanas Market with all its construction systems and facilities duly coordinated and framed in current international standardization protocols. This Ibero-American commitment to learning and collaboration also aspires to be a window for the promotion of add-ins, software, complements for BIM workflows of Spanish developers, to promote the replicability of the experience, to favor solidarity and cooperation among Ibero-American professionals, and to provide the city of a powerful digital heritage asset, taking advantage of the declaration of Malaga as the European capital of smart tourism 2020.
BIM is the acronym for Building Information Modeling which means the construction of an intelligent digital model. This is as if, upon arriving at our house, we touched a wall and by touching the element, the wall gave us information about its year of construction, the materials that compose it, the cost of each square meter, information on its thermal behavior. in different seasons of the year, its obsolescence, date on which it must be repainted, etc., only that instead of trying to know those technical data by reading the technical specifications of its construction, that is, in a document, the digital model will It provides it automatically and spatially, in real time, provided it has been properly configured to provide that information. To develop these digital models, not only designers and calculators from each discipline are needed, but also experts who work collaboratively in the construction of these BIM models.
The project has the participation of experts in this disruptive BIM technology from Spain, Argentina, Colombia, Costa Rica, Mexico, Panama, Romania and Venezuela. Also accompanying this initiative are experts in the area of additive manufacturing also known as 3D printing and some of the most prominent influencers in the field of BIM in Spanish, thanks to their role in the dissemination of these methodologies through their podcasts. This BIM methodology will allow us to simultaneously develop the digital model of the Shipyard Market from various points of the world geography.
This initiative seeks to strengthen the Ibero-American professional and cultural fields of collaboration and promote the knowledge and application of emerging technologies, that is, to obtain pedagogical balances with this digital construction project. In summary, this pilot project of Ibero-American collaboration with BIM methodologies will allow us not only to raise the digital model of the Shipyard Market and make it accessible to the public throughout the
planet through immersive visits through virtual reality, but to know the patrimonial, technical and commercial aspects that are incorporated into the data that we will create for its promotion and projection within the framework of the recognition of Malaga as 'European Capital of Smart Tourism 2020', and beyond, as a model for the digital preservation of the city's architectural heritage assets.
Create the digital archive of the Central Market of Atarazanas under the Heritage BIM approach
Document the experience of the entire arc of its development from Planning to the file of the information model
Coupling the development of the project to the current international regulations on BIM, both in standards and in classification systems, with special attention to the UNE-EN ISO 19650: 1 and UNE-EN ISO 19650: 2 standards.
Develop the digital asset of the Central Market of Atarazanas with all its construction systems and facilities duly coordinated
Promote the IFC as a format for the exchange and export of information files under conditions of data security, to facilitate interoperability, transparency and control of information
Promote software, addins, complements for BIM workflows from Spanish developers
Promote the approach and knowledge of the Central Market of Atarazanas through the tools of immersive realities